Footnotes of Episode 2


Dojo in Naha: Among the 400 dojo listed in the Okinawa Prefecture, some 110 dojo are located within Naha City.


Kokusai Street: Kokusai Dori in Japanese, this is the main road of Naha City. Kokusai means international. It comes from the “International Theater Ernie Pyle” that was opened in 1948 on the grounds of today’s Naha Tenbusu Naha, in the center if the same avenue. Its nickname is also the Miracle Mile.


Tsuboya and Makishi: Located adjacently to Kokusai Street, these two districts were among the first ones to be redeveloped after the war. Other districts found along the street are Asato, Kumoji and Matsuo. All house karate dojo even today.


Daido Fire and Marine Insurance Co., Ltd.: Known as Daido Kasai in Japanese, this is one of the most prestigious insurance companies in Okinawa. With the 1950 formed Ryukyu Kasai Co. as pillar, it was officially established as Daido Kasai in 1971. Many karate masters in Okinawa work or worked for this company like late Iha Koshin sensei of Goju-ryu.


Higa Yuchoku: (1910 – 1994) Shorin-ryu prominent master and founder of Kyudokan. He was also a member and then the Chairman of the Naha City Municipal Assembly and Chairman of the Naha Giant Tug of War Conservation Society.


Chibana Choshin: (1885 – 1969) Famous karate master whose instructor was Itosu Anko. Together with Higa Yuchoku sensei, his most famous disciples are Miyahira Katsuya sensei and Nakazato Shugoro sensei, both recognized as Cultural Asset Holder in the fields of Karate and Kobujustu by the Okinawa Prefecture. See the Shurite-kei page for more on this subject


Itosu Anko: (1831 – 1915) He is considered by many as the father of modern karate as he was involved with the introduction of karate in the Okinawa education curriculum. He is remembered for the “Ten Precepts (Tode Jukun) of Karate” that he wrote. See the Shurite-kei page for more on this subject.


Miyagi Chojun: (1888-1953) Famous karate master and founder of Goju-ryu. See the Nahate-kei page for more on this subject.


Shinzato Jinnan: (1901-1945) A police officer by profession and a student of Miyagi Chojun sensei. He was foreseen by many to become the successor of Miyagi sensei but passed away in the last months of the Battle of Okinawa.


Senpai: senior

Kohai: junior

Kihon geiko: basic (kihon) geiko (training). Geiko is also pronounced Keiko when used alone.

Tsuki: punch

Keri: kick

Makiwara: It is the most representative tool of karate and is practiced by all serious karate practitioners. A post buried in the ground, it has traditionally two striking spots made of coiled straw bundle rope (today people also use leather cover). The upper spot is for the fists and all parts of the hands and elbows and the lower striking spot is for forging the parts of the feet.


Renzoku tsuki: Consecutive (renzoku) punches (tsuki)