Tomarite-kei

 

 Nagamine Shoshin Nagamine Takayoshi

   Matsubayashi-ryu

This style was founded by by Nagamine Shoshin (1907-1997). He studied under three famous masters: Kyan Chotoku (1870-1945) who studied Shurite from Matsumura Sokon, Arakaki Ankichi (1899-1929), top student of Chibana Choshin and Motobo Choki (1870-1944 - See Notes 1 & 2) who walked in the path of the Tomarite tradition of Matsumura Kosaku (1829-1898).

Suffering from gastroenteric disorder, Nagamine Shoshin started karate in 1925 under Kuba Chojin (1904-1989) to strengthen his weak condition. Through this, he succeeded in recovering from illness. He later continued his straining with his one year old senior Shimabukuro Taro before meeting his first master Arakaki Ankichi, who was also Shimabukuro’s instructor.

From December 1931 to August 1936, he also studied under Kyan Chotoku. Sent to Tokyo Metropolitan Police Department in April 1936, he also received training from Motobu Choki (1871-1944) for half a year. Retiring from the police force, he managed to build a true karate dojo named “Matsubayashi-ryu Karatedo Kodokan” in January 1953.

When asked about the naming of his style, Nagamine explains as follow. “As the direct student of Shurite Kyan Chotoku sensei and Tomarite Motobu Choki, I have received much instruction from both masters. However, Kyan sensei was a direct student of Matsumura Sokon sensei, known as Shurite Chuko-no-so (reviver of Shurite) and Motobu sensei was a direct student from Matsumora Kosaku sensei (1829-1898) known as Tomarite Chuko-no-so. This makes me a mago-deshi (2nd generation student) of both Matsumura Sokon sensei and Matsumora Kosaku sensei. In July 1947, in order to honor the great achievements and memory of both masters, I named my style Matsubayashi-ryu Karatedo Kodokan taking the first character (Matsu – meaning pine) of both masters’ names.”(Source: Shijitsu to dento wo mamoru – Preserving historical true and tradition - Okinawa no Karatedo)

Kata inherited are Fukyugata I and II, Pinan (Shodan, Nidan, Sandan, Yondan and Godan), Nafanchi (Shodan, Nidan and Sandan), Ananku, Wankan, Rohai, Wanshu, Passai, Gojushiho, Chinto and Kusanku.

Today, Matsubayashi-ryu is mainly represented in Mainland Japan, North and South America.

Now, another Tomarite line is the Gohaku-kai style of Tokashiki Iken sensei, through Nakasone Seiyu sensei.

Sources: Okinawa Karate Standard Text (Written by Tsuha Kiyoshi as per request from the NPO Okinawa Karatedo Kobudo Support Center)

Information provided by the Motobu Family (May 2012):

Note 1: Motobu Choki sensei was born in 1870. (Source: as mentioned in the family register issued by Pre-war Shuri City – Document owned by the Motobu Family)

Note 2: Motobu Choki sensei was taught not only by Matsumora Kosaku of Tomarite but also by masters Matsumura and Itosu of Shuri and Sakuma Peichin. (Source: Motobu Choki “Watashi no karate Jutsu” 1937)